Many clients have been sending messages requesting a list of the top dairy breeds that the\y should purchase for use in their dairy farm.
I have written on the five best breeds not only for farmers who are just starting but also for the experienced farmers I the filed.
Dairy is a term used to differentiate different types of cattle those that are kept for meat and milk.A pure breed dairy cow is one that its ancestry traces back to the same breed that it belongs to.
A registered dairy cow therefore is one that is of pure breed that has been registered with a particular breed association.You need to confirm this to be sure of your breed type.
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Holstein / Frisian
These breed and the most common was first bred in the northern parts of Netherlands in the province of Friesland and northern Germany.
It has a large body frame(one of its main characteristics) and high milk yield.it has the ability to produce 20-25 Liters of milk per day with butter fat content of 3.5%.
Though large in size this breed is docile and a single can way up to 613 kilograms when fully matured.
The skin color patterns vary in proportions of white and black.There can be red and white animals occasionally that are offspring’s of black and white parents that carry the recessive gene.
Jersey breed was developed in the largest Chanel islands of Jersey.Unlike there species they are very nervous and have a quick reaction trait to both good and bad temperaments.
The skin includes various shade of fawn.White markings can be spotted but not always.
They carry horns that are inclined forward, that curve slightly at the base and small in size,they are of medium length and tapered towards the tips.
Their heifers develop rapidly as compared to all the other breeds.They are good milk produces.The average daily production rate is between 15-20 liters per day with butter fat content of 4.5% and reach in color.
If your farm is located in an area with high ambient temperatures you should own the Jersey as they out perform the friesian in such location.
The average live weight of the jersey is 386 kilograms.
The Guernsey originated from channels islands close to the north coast of France.Their skin have shades of fawn wit clearly defined white markings with a yellowish pigment.
They carry horns that are inclined forward , refined with a medium length and tappers towards the tips.The horn s are also characterized by their small size and yellowish color at the base.
These breed if it were human it would have been a good soldier.They are always alert but not easily excited.
Their milk production is an average of 16 liters per day.The milk is characterized by a yellowish color.
The live weigh of the animal is 459 kilograms yellowish in color with white markings.The white markings can also be found on the animals nose area.
This breed was developed in Ayr in south west Scotland that explains its name.As the country of Scotland and in particular the region where this breed was developed is highly hilly the animal can survive in a rugged terrain as he one it was curved out of.
The breed is characterized by its red and white color that it carries on the skin.it has symmetrically shaped udders and a smooth body.
The red is different as compared to the other breeds as it is more of a shade of cherry red and mahogany red. You can easily tell the difference on the two color as there is a clear distinction.
It carries long horns that are spread and curved at the tip ends.
These animals need a lot of alone time as they are very nervous and not easy to mange when spooked.
You should also pay closer attention to them since it is a challenge to keep their body conditions in shape if poorly managed.
The animal has a lot of body fat and the total live weight can be up to 477 kilograms.
The daily milk production is an average of 20 liters per day.
Dairy short horn
This is an English breed with a total live weight of 546 kilograms.it is characterized by red and white colors on the skin though it can be more commonly also found in a red or deep roan coating.
It has a small head with a neck that tins as it gets closer to the head and rapidly thickens towards the shoulders.
They carry blunt short creamy horns.They don’t have black tips and curve as the animal ages.