Sun. Sep 20th, 2020

Supporting Farmers

5 key steps to keep your  poultry healthy and productive – MkulimaTODAY.co.ke

3 min read

Image result for poultry diseases
I have lost some of my birds even after doing my best to avoid losses.
To help you  not go through the pain of loss I have established five top poultry farming habits that will ease your poultry farming experience.
Infection
In most family flocks, disease is an important problem. Although farmers are familiar with the signs and symptoms of disease, the underlying causes are less well known.
I myself, almost every farmer and most extension workers hold Newcastle Disease (ND) responsible for most deaths, and the disease has a local name in all languages.
Diagnosis
However, not all infectious diseases are due to the Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV). Digestive problems resulting in slow growth and diarrhoea may be the result of rancid feed or too much salt, and may also be symptoms of diseases such as coccidiosis, salmonellosis, or Gumboro Disease (Also called Infectious Bursal Disease [IBD]). ND often has the symptom of greenish faeces, which indicates a loss of appetite.
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Respiratory
Poultry have highly developed and sophisticated respiratory systems. Their heart and breathing rate are faster than humans, and their body temperature is 5 °C higher.
Their lungs are connected at the lower ends to a complex series of membrane-enclosed air sacs, which in turn are connected to air cavities in their major skeletal bones. These features contribute to their lightness and flying ability.
 
Cross  infection
The disadvantage is extreme susceptibility to respiratory infections caused by a wide range of bacteria, viruses and fungi.
These infections become more of a problem in domestication, which usually involves some degree of increase in stock density – even if only for overnight accommodation – and thus increases the risk of cross-infection.Image result for poultry diseases
Ventilation
In adequate ventilation of poultry houses results in a build-up of ammonia gas from poultry feces, which contain urea. This can predispose the poultry to respiratory disorders, such as sneezing, running eyes and mucous discharges from the mouth.
Providing good ventilation easily prevents this. More prolonged respiratory disorders are usually caused by diseases such as ND, Infectious Bronchitis (IB), Infectious Laryngotracheitis (ILT), Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) and diphtheria.
Coordination disorders such as paralysis, limping, twisted neck and slow movement may be caused by a variety of factors, such as physical injury, nutrient deficiencies and Image result for poultry diseasesdiseases, including ND (twisted necks or torticolis), Marek’s Disease (paralysis), synovitis (tendon infections in which feet joints feel warm) and Avian Encephalomyelitis (AE).
Practicing all the above will ease your walk in the park of poultry farming as this works for both chicken and ducks plus any other specie you would wish to keep.
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