Mkulima TODAY There has been a lot of frustration in poultry farmers who are keeping their birds in the deep litter system. MkulimaTODAY company has gone ahead and created a saying that DEEP LITTER = DEEP DISEASES. We should look at some of the causes of challenges that farmers face in deep litter system and how to get rid of them.
1. House construction.
A successful poultry farm should be in a well designed poultry house. There are key points to note when constructing a poultry house which include : -positioning a poultry house: should be in an EAST -WEST direction. Otherwise allowing direct sunrays into the poultry house can lead to challenges like smothering, pecking, etc. – proper ventilation ( leave both sides of the poultry house open for proper air flow) -concrete foundation ( dusty houses cause cough and flu. Dust is a breeding ground for mites) – Height ( heat stress affects broiler growth and egg production. It can as well lead to other poultry vices). Construct a poultry house that is 9 meters high from the ground to the roof pin. – roofing: a poultry house needs a chimney that works as a breathing space for proper air exchange. Many farmers are facing respiratory infections because of poor house construction and positioning.
2. Bio security:
it’s almost impossible to clean a poultry house which is dusty ( without a concrete foundation) because you cannot disinfect soil. There will be recurrent disease challenges if we leave the house floor dusty! Many farms have foot dips on the door entrace but they are always neglected. This is totally wrong . Biosecurity should be taken seriously and it involves the following – proper house cleaning and disinfection before entry of new birds, even if the house is newly constructed. – having gumboots and overalls at the farm and using them….keeping them clean and leaving all shoes out of the poultry houses. -creating separate units for young birds and old birds. We should avoid keeping multiple pages in one house. -following proper vaccination procedures using VACC SHIELD before application of the vaccine in drinking water. – assigning one worker per house and stopping other workers from entering where they dont work. – controlling the numbero f e eternal people who visit the farm premises by either putting a stopping notice for visitors or creating a gate. – making good use of good disinfectants in spaying, misting, foot dips , spraying vehicle tyres using velocide.
3. Proper brooding.
A good foundation for our birds is created in the brooder. The foundation that leads to profits include: uniformity in growth, health, attaining target weights. Thse can only be achieved if we use the five senses of a man to properly manage the brooder: – The sense of smell: a good brooder that will keep your birds healthy must be having proper air flow in and out. Sealing off everywhere kn the brooder creates no room for proper air exchange, leading to ammonia and carbon monoxide concentration in the brooder room. This is when you enter the house and you smell only bad gas. We should avoid this , by leaving a little space for airflow when constructing a brooder room and opening the curtains three times during day to allow proper air exchange. Otherwise the bad gases can lead to respiratory diseases like chronic cough and flu. -use your eyes to see! Tokyo much heat leads to panting, chicks running away from the heat source and leads to dehydration ( with some birds having poop stuck on their behind). Cold temperatures lead to crowding around the heat source and birds can die from there! Draught from one side of the house may lead to smothering in the corners! When temperatures are normal for the chicks, they are well spread in the house, active in eating and running around the brooder. You should as well monitor temperature using a temperature chart and thermometer. – use your hands to TOUCH: get a sample of chicks in the brooder and massage their crops to identify if they have got access to feed and water. Chicks with soft crops have already eaten and taken water. Chicks with empty crops have not taken water or feed. Chicks with compacted crops are at high risk of death or pasted vents. So we shall be in better position to know what to improve. ##Water quality and availability: more drinkers, put at a lower height where birds can reach, and away from heat source. ##spread feed on the floor, fine texture feed, better quality feed. ##80% of the floor covered with brooder paper to avoid chicks eating litter. ##water changed every 9 hours to improve appetite. ##water mixed with sangrovit ws for first 6 days of life to improve appetite, growth, reduce death rate. Enter the poultry house barefooted, let the chicks step on you, if their feet are cold then it will mean the temperature in the house is very low. If you feel their feet are warm, then the better. -HEARING; Have you heard them making noice, then it means discomfort! Maybe the temperatures are extremely high or low! Maybe they do not have feed or water, maybe the lights have gone off!! Investigate. Pay close attention to the chicks and hear the way they breath. Abnormalities in breathing include rales and ronchi which can be heard as sharp voices or kind of snoring if you closely pay attention to them mostly at night. Such cases of cough and flu can be prevented through # making the right choice of litter. Avoid saw dust. Use coffee husks that are dust free, and may be wood shavings. # create proper ventilation. Use curtains that are easily adjusted during day to allow proper air flow. # if you use lime on the floor, do not put too much of it as it causes irritation in the respiratory tract. # charcoal should be of good quality, as smoking charcoal can cause respiratory infections. – The Taste of the water should be good. When water takes a longer time in the drinkers or water pipes, it warms up and smells bad. So birds start neglecting it. So you need to always replace th water every after 9 hours or flash out the water from the pipes. Failure may lead to constipation and death as birds neglect the water. Wait for our second part of this topic tomorrow…. You should not miss out on *SANGROVIT WS THE MAGICAL POWDER* that – improves weights in broilers -reduces brooder mortality -stops over dependence on drugs -improves egg production. -can be added to antibiotics for faster recovery from disease -added to water after vaccinations, after deworming, after debeaking, after treatments, and after all cases of stress to help recovery from stress. Dosage of sangrovit ws: 1g in 20 ltrs of water. Find sangrovit in all shops in container village, josca, royal agrovet, kafiika animal feeds and all other vet shops in Uganda. For details check us on www.phytobiotics.com Vet Charles 0788289811 0703617508