Mon. Sep 28th, 2020

Supporting Farmers

How to build a poultry house|Space

2 min read

Space: density of birds per unit area
Image result for poultry housing
This is the most important basic principle in housing, as the space available determines the
number and type of poultry that can be kept. For example, a deep litter house measuring 6 m by
11 m can hold 200 laying hens at a stock density of 3 birds/m2
(3.6 ft2
/bird). Under the older
system of measuring, stock density was measured in ft2
per bird, which is the inverse of birds
per m2
used in the metric system, incorporating a conversion factor of 0.0929 m2
Linear space or length of perch per bird is measured in centimeters.
Also Read:
How to produce poultry feed from trees,shrubs and fruits
Secrets of Ugandan billionaire farmer Erisa Kakyomya
Hen groups are comfortable at a stock density of three to four birds per square meter. If more
space is allowed, a greater variety of behavior can be expressed. Less space creates stressed
social behavior, allowing disease vulnerability and cannibalism and leaving weaker birds
deprived of feed or perch space. Individual birds need more room for normal behavior and
adequate exercise than the 22 birds/m2
(0.5 ft2
/bird) density currently used in commercial laying cages. Over recent decades, animal welfare concerns have encouraged research on laying cage
structures to make designs better suited to the needs of hens, while retaining cost-effectiveness
for production.

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