These are poultry infections that are not classified as bacteria or viruses, but as Pleuro-pneumonia-cocci-like organisms (PPLO).
They are primarily associated with Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD), a complex syndrome caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum in partnership with bacteria (often E. coli), fungi and viruses (often Infectious Bronchitis).
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You can minimize their spread by being on the look out for the following since this is how easily it is transmitted:-
- It can be transmitted through the egg.
- Multi-age flocks,
- nutritional deficiency and
- water deprivation are important factors in the epidemiology of the disease in rural poultry flocks.