Mon. Sep 21st, 2020

Supporting Farmers

Starting out in avocado farming with costs – MkulimaTODAY.co.ke

5 min read
starting out in avocado farming plus costs

This is the fruit with the highest nutrient value as compared to the others.

As nutritious as it is so is its financial returns to fellow farmers.

Avocados has several uses.

In Kenya there is a joke that says, “you are not an avocado therefore there is no way you can please everybody”.

The several uses of the fruit is of great benefit to farmers and consumers.

Vitamins in Avocado

The avocado fruit contains several vitamins A, B1, B12, C, D, E and K.

There are also minerals found in avocadoes like iron and calcium.

Benefits of the Vitamins

A – Better eye sight

B1, B12 – Muscles and nerve systems development

C – Skin (The concentration is 3 times higher as that found   in oranges)

D – Bones development

E – Reproduction system

K – Blood clotting

Iron-blood transportation, formation and oxygen carriage

Calcium – helps in bone formation

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Farming

Avocados grow well in areas with high heat of 15oC- 25oC.

A well maintained acre of farm can produce enough fruits to fill a truck.

Hass avocado farming is efficient and profitable to anyone with an interest in avocado farming.

You can easily identify the hass variety by the rough surface of the fruit.

Hass variety

The hass takes a considerable a longer time to mature as compared to the other varieties.

The long duration it takes to grow ensures there quality is better compared to those with a shorter maturity period.

The trees produce larger fruits and more in number.

Image result for fuerte avocado

In the first harvest a single tree can produce from 50-100 avocado fruits depending on how well they are maintained.

As the tree grows old the more the fruit it produces.

This increase in production guarantees with every season that passes you have more fruits to harvest.

Hass avocado was first grown in the Americas.

This variety is mainly produced in Kenya and the East African region for export to the international markets like the European Union.

Hass has a longer shelf life as compared to the other varieties.

It also has a very high fat content and more nutritious.

Due to the high fat content it is more valuable and on high demands in the export markets.

Fuerte variety

The fuerte variety can be easily identified by its smooth surface. This variety has a lower fat content and goes bad within a shorter period.

Due to this it is mainly for domestic consumption within the country.

Due to the many uses of avocados, the high demand both locally and internationally leads to good market prices.

One of the main benefit is health benefits especially to patients with sickle cell anemia.

Production

The harvesting season for most farms start from December through to April.

The fruits start flowering after harvesting in the months of April & June.

For maximum efficiency I would recommend you plan your production in line with the market demands.

There are two main seasons for avocado farming annually.

  • The first is April to December  and
  • June to April.

An avocado tree takes about 100 years from the planting day to the day it dies.

A lot of work is done when the plant is young.

Once the roots have grown then there is no more work needed.

The tree will appreciate you taking care of it while young and start taking care of you in its prime.

The average maturity time of an avocado tree is about 4-5years.

A single tree has the ability to produce about 200 fruits annually. The production per tree increases every season.

Like most people imagine, avocados are not only food but they are also used in the manufacture of cosmetics.

The avocado is also a good source of heat when used as firewood.

It can also be used in construction of low density houses as timber.

Challenges

Like other plants avocados are also attack by pests but there is no clear pesticide that can be used to clear them.

Luckily there are more id development.

During the dry seasons the tree shades leaves resulting in low productivity of the entire farm.

Production costs

  • Land preparation    4,000
  • Seedlings                8,000
  • Fertilizer                    800
  • Water                      2,000
  • Maintenance           2,000

Duration 1-50 years with an increase in the harvest year on year.

1 acre farm has the ability to produce upwards of over ten tons

The estimated profits is about 800,000 Kenya Shillings.

Having an agribusiness problem? Do you know of a successful agribusiness venture story that you want to share I would like to hear from you? Send me the TIPS at team@mkulimatoday.co.ke

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