As much as I need water so do my chicken flock. I provide clean water to them this is a priority often neglected but you must not, you should provide clean water every morning to the chicken or replaces the previous days if it remained. The amount of water, the right type of equipment and where it is situated are important considerations.
In countries with plenty of water, such as Bangladesh, Viet Nam, Indonesia, the Gambia, Sierra Leone, Zaire and Uganda, the only special measure to be taken is to ensure its cleanliness. In other regions, especially in the Sahel and other drought-prone regions, fetching and carrying water is a crucial task, usually assigned to women and children.
In the rainy season, you must put clean water and feed in the house, as brooding hens are kept inside to prevent poor hatch ability resulting from contamination with mud and dirt.
Poultry production systems
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The simplest equipment you can use to make a drinker is a tin can inverted into a soup plate or the bottom of a larger tin can. You punch a hole about 2 cm from the open end of the tin can. Fill the can with water, covered with the plate and both quickly inverted.
The position of the punched hole and the vacuum in the tin can will regulate the water level in the plate. This will serve you well but can get rusty, especially in the humid tropics. You can also use a clay pot or gourd with holes around the sides sunk into the ground for stability to water adult birds.
Clay pots of any dimension can often be ordered from local pot makers. Because they are permeable they provide water half a degree Celsius cooler than other drinkers, as heat loss through evaporation keeps the water cooler.
This also means an appreciable loss of water over time, especially in very hot dry areas, so that the pots may have to be made more impermeable by glazing. If continuous drinking troughs are used, at least 5 cm of trough should be allowed for each bird. Alternatively, one cup or nipple drinker may be provided for every ten birds.
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