Importance of owning family poultry
Family poultry is defined as small-scale poultry keeping by households using family labour and when possible locally available feed resources.
Participants at a 1989 workshop in Ife ife,Nigeria defined family poultry as a flock of less thatn 100 birds, of unimproved or improved breed ,raised in either extensive or intensive farming systems.
Labour is not salaried , but drawn from the family household.
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Family poultry is rarely the sole means of livelihood for the family but is one of the intergrated and complementary farming activities contributing to the overall well being of the household.
Poultry provides major income from eggs and birds sales.
Occasionaly consumption provides available source of protein in the diet.
Poultry also plays an important socio-cultural role in many societies.Family labour is mainly drawn from women and children.
Women often have the role of the development of thefamily poultry as extension officers and vaccination programs.
Family owned poultry represents one of the few opportunities for saving,investing and security againsts financial risks for the household.
In some countries family poultry production accounts for approximately 90% of the total poultry production in the country.(Brankaert 1999)
In Bangladesh for example , it represents more than 80% of the total poultry production and 90% of the approximately 18 million rural house hold keep poultry.